EYE DISEASES  
AMD
 

Cataract
Cataract FAQ
Amblyopia
AMD
Astigmatism
Chalazion
Diabetic Retinopathy
Dry Eyes
Floaters
Glaucoma
Hyperopia
Myopia
Presbyopia
Pterygium
Retinal Detachment
Subconjunctival Hemmorage
Uveitis

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative condition of the central retina (macula) that only affects the central vision, leaving the peripheral vision intact.

Risk Factors

  • Advanced age
  • Family history of AMD
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure

Symptoms

  • A blank or blind spot in your central vision
  • Objects or lines look wavy or curved

Dry AMD

  • 90% of all cases.
  • Does not usually cause total loss of reading vision.
  • May deteriorate into wet AMD

Wet AMD

  • 10% of all cases, but more visually debilitating.
  • Abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the macula.

Treatment

  • Laser coagulation
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Intravitreal injections

Prevention

  • Protect your eyes from UV light with sunglasses
  • Stop smoking
  • Eat foods rich in vitamins and antioxidants, like fruits and vegetables such as broccoli, spinach and carrots.
 


(above) Image shows how AMD eyesight will look like.